A Day in the Life of a Saffron Farmer
Saffron harvest season comes once every year in the fall season and is celebrated as an occasion by the farmers. A lot of saffron crocus sativus are blooming and waiting for the farmers to start harvesting them. There is a dedicated team who prepared themselves before the time comes. Let’s see how our team of dedicated farmers goes through the process of harvesting saffron strands from the saffron crocus flowers.
As soon as the sun rises, our team wakes up, does their usual chores, and heads out to the field of saffron. The plants of beautiful purple flowers and gold yellow stamens need to be monitored closely. It requires full attention, so our farmers try to check every plant every day to make sure that there is no risk of getting worms, insects, or any kind of fungus.
When the weather drops and the temperature comes between 10 – 20 degrees Celsius for 4 – 5 consecutive days and there is no rain, our team of farmers will irrigate their saffron fields. After the first irrigation process, two weeks later is the time when the process of harvesting saffron begins.
Process of Harvesting
The expensive spice, saffron, is obtained by the labor-intensive process and you get three stigmas of saffron per flower. Its price is huge for just a pound depending on the grade and quality of the spice.
When to Pick Saffron
The farmers work 19 hours a day to carefully reap the blooms and extract the saffron stigmas. These stigmas are dried and then the dried saffron is packaged and sent for sale. A total of 75,000 flowers are collected to obtain 225,000 stigmas which makes just a pound of saffron.
How to Harvest Saffron
Saffron is cultivated in some countries like Spain, France, India, and Portugal in dry summer and the time to harvest it is early spring. This plant needs full sun and extreme dryness in summer and extreme cold in winter to grow. The flowers are about 2 inches long and used in coloring, but the most important part of this sunshine flower is the three dark red colored stigmas also known as saffron threads.
These stigmas are harvested by plucking the flowers by hand and then carefully plucking the stigmas with the help of a tweezer as both the flower and stigmas are so soft and fragile.
How to Grow Saffron Crocus
The ideal areas for cultivating saffron are those having at least 40 cm of rainfall every year to make the well-drained soil for the saffron plant. Heavy rains damage the flowers; however, extreme cold or hot weather is not a problem for these plants.
They can grow easily and multiply rapidly. 150 to 200 saffron crocus bulbs are required to serve an average family with enough saffron. Plant a saffron bulb about 2 inches deep like any other crocus plant. Water in small quantities every two weeks to prevent the plant from rotting.
How to Store Saffron
Saffron threads are stored in an airtight container and a dark and cool place for up to six months to enjoy their maximum flavor. The spice is stored and used year after year as it does not spoil but the best flavor will retain only for a good 6 months maximum.
Order Your Saffron and enjoy the purest and organic saffron with no added colors and fragrance.